The black-capped chickadee is found in deciduous and mixed forests, open woods, willow thickets, cottonwood groves, parks and disturbed areas.
The chickadee generally remains within its breeding
range throughout the year but periodically disperses
during fall and winter. Flocks of six to 12 chickadees
roam over winter feeding ranges of about 40 acres,
regularly visiting known food sites. They normally
return each evening to roost among a particular patch
of trees though some find shelter in cavities, under
the eaves of houses or other protected sites. The
birds may migrate short distances.